align="left"> As we all know, automation technology is affecting the labor market, in the future it will be at what speed? In the end how much impact? Everyone's opinion is not consistent. The latest report suggests that robots may be slower to work for humans than they thought.
Last month, it was reported that Foxconn manufacturing plant is ready to replace all workers with robots. For those who work in the office, there is a message even more worrying, the Japanese insurance company announced layoffs of 30%, because AI can calculate the amount of payment, like humans. No wonder 2/3 of Americans believe that it will not be long before the work that is needed for human beings will be done by robots.
However, the McKinsey Global Institute recently released a report that the impact of automation on the labor force may not be as big as imagined. In the foreseeable future, McKinsey says, working alongside humans can make the economy more productive. McKinsey works by activities rather than jobs, because it is the task, not the entire job, that moves to automation. Even business executives, there are some jobs can be replaced by robots.
According to McKinsey, by 2055, about half of the world's work will be automated. The report also predicted that the work is composed of tasks, in 60% of the work, there are 30% of the composition of the task may be taken over by the robot; but only about 5% of the work will be fully automated. In other words, the analysis suggests that most of the work will change over the next 40 years, and that, in the worst case scenario, it will shrink rather than disappear.
McKinsey's conclusion contrasts sharply with other reports. University of Oxford researcher Karl Benedikt Frey (Carl Benedikt Frey) and Michael Osborne (Michael Osborne) said in a report, in the next 20 years, about 47% of the work of the United States will face the threat of automation. The McKinsey report author James Manyika (James Manyika) explained in an interview: "" New York Times "technical feasibility is the key technology of attention of experts, and the impact of automation on the job is not simply determined by technical feasibility."
To allow for greater economic returns in automation technology, humans have to work side by side with robots for some time. McKinsey believes that with the improvement of the efficiency of robots and AI employees, the global productivity can be increased by up to 0.8%, this growth is a prerequisite, that is, people continue to work. Human beings have to live, if it is to pay for the human and not to work, even if the economy is growing, and ultimately can not afford.
When more and more jobs are replaced by machines, how can people find new jobs? The McKinsey report does not address the issue, but it is simply that people will have to look for a new job, so we will still worry about the future.