align="left"> On January 21, Beijing time morning news, into the mobile phone, 3 d printing of human organs, and clothes and glasses to connect to the Internet. Such devices may exist only in science fiction today, but according to the davos world economic BBS business leaders, by 2025, with advanced robot, artificial intelligence and the development of genetic engineering, which will become a reality.
In addition, nearly half of the respondents expected in the next 10 years, artificial intelligence, machine will be into the corporate board of directors.
The next industrial revolution is coming. After machine, large-scale manufacturing and information technology, the so-called "the fourth industrial revolution" will lead to faster innovation cycle, for enterprises and workers, the government and the society poses a great challenge. This time the industrial revolution will bring cheap goods and services, to promote the new economic growth. And the resulting threat is mass unemployment, as well as further tensions between enterprise and laborer.
May exacerbate inequality
Microsoft CEO Satya naidu (Della Satya Nadella) said: "the fourth industrial revolution will lead to economic growth. The problem is that the balance in all of the countries to promote the industrial revolution, to in a different economic position, belongs to the people from different parts of the economy."
Robots are development, from factory to the family, hospitals, shops, restaurants, and even war zone, and the development of neural network are fuzzy boundaries between humans and machines.
On this year's davos BBS, one of the most important participants is not a central bank governor, CEO, or a politician, but an interesting robot HUBO from South Korea. But what can do about technology in the future, the industry also has a deep concern.
Ubs posted at davos, a report is expected to a high level of automation and networking functions between developed and developing economies will create new wealth gap, exacerbating inequality between nations. Ubs, head of emerging markets foreign exchange, interest rates and credit business root fay, west (Lutfey Siddiqi) said: "the fourth industrial revolution may weaken the emerging markets from the advantage of cheap labor. I think, if you don't take the appropriate policies, so that the industrial revolution would exacerbate inequality."
Ubs an analysis of the major economies to think, in the process of adapt to the robot world, Switzerland is the most advantageous position, and at the bottom of Argentina.
Corporate winners and losers
As the new company with disruptive technology into the traditional industries, companies also there will be winners and losers.
Gm CEO Mary parana (Mary Barra) and others on the davos talked about this. Gm will soon celebrate driverless cars of the future. While jpmorgan chase CEO Jamie dimon (Jamie Diomn) is pointed out that the company is facing the challenge of the emerging financial technology start-ups.
Such innovation, along with the rise of manufacturing and service robots will lead to a lot of jobs to be replaced by automation equipment. In 2013, for example, researchers at Oxford University, expects 47% of America's jobs are in danger.
Concerns about technology will destroy jobs is not new. In 1931, the economist John Keynes (John Maynard Keynes) had predicted it. At that time, he warned, the future, there will be a wide range of "technical" unemployment.
The question is whether this time will be different. New technology is to bring faster change, and the machine started to play the role of the brain, which will impact many past career, not affected by the technology such as simple news reports and regular financial analysis.
Pessimists believe that this will impact with unprecedented scale middle class and middle-income earners. The world economy BBS is that by 2020, the top 15 world will reduce the more than 5 million jobs.
But ManpowerGroup CEO Jonas, lessing (Jonas Prising) are optimistic about the long-term potential. He said: "if history instruction in the future, finally we get more than those jobs will be lost."
Business leaders, on the other hand, how to prepare for the future have also been suspected. Globalization and development of professor Ian Goldin NiuJing university (Ian Goldin) said: "under this level of change, you need some serious thinking and action. But the real focus on the future, and after many years, the CEO of a broader social problems still very few, even if is the same in davos." (li li)