align="left"> In October 13th, the EU Trade Commission approved the beauty of the group of German industrial giant robot KUKA group's offer, marking a major obstacle of administrative acquisition by cleaning kubica. On the same day news, Shanghai electric led by Chinese enterprises to purchase Italy famous car manufacturer Fiat Group (Com AU) Comau robot business. Italy, another big robot enterprise Giamatti (Gimatic) g just in June this year by the German capital acquisition. European robotics companies have become the most popular acquisition targets.
Why do Chinese companies have a special liking for European robotics companies? This is because China has become the world's largest and fastest growing industrial robot market, while domestic industrial robots can only meet the needs of their small and medium parts. On the other hand, because Europe in the field of industrial robot manufacturing and application has a strong strength. The world's ten largest industrial robot applications, there are five in europe. The world's four largest industrial robot manufacturing enterprises, Europe has two, including Sweden and Switzerland combined KUKA and enterprise A B B. Overall, the overall level in the field of industrial robots and the Japanese equivalent level in the first camp, ahead of the United States and South korea.
As we all know, in 1959 the United States inventor Frank DeVaul and Joseph Ingeborg teamed up to create the first industrial robot. Subsequently, the establishment of the world's first robot manufacturing company. Most of the theoretical and technological breakthroughs have occurred in the United states. Why Europe's industrial robots will catch up from behind? This has nothing to do with the special demographic and legal environment in Europe, as well as the encouragement of governments.
After World War II, Western Europe in the Renaissance of the industrial process has been facing labor shortage, while Western Europe related work environment and work conditions of the legislation has been known to strictly, at the same time to the United States and industry competition, Western Europe has been an urgent demand for industrial upgrading. These factors on the one hand to promote the prosperity of the industrial robot industry in Europe, on the other hand, also prompted the European countries in the policy to encourage new industrial robot industry. In Germany, for example, in 1970s, the German government in the plan to improve labor conditions to make robots use mandatory: some toxic and harmful dangerous jobs must use the robot, this robot market will really administrative means. 1985 proposed to enter the field of intelligent robots plan to make robots used in various industries in germany. In 2012, Germany launched the industrial 4 program, the construction of "smart factory" as the core of the program will focus on improving industrial robot flexibility and individualization, is expected to be the German industrial robot level to a new height. Under the influence of Germany, Britain and France have also launched their own national robotics industry plan.
Although the overall level of industrial robots at the forefront of the world, but still faces problems and challenges, the first is the great gap between the level of industrial robot equipment, Germany, Italy, Sweden and Finland is relatively developed, while France and Britain is relatively backward. Germany is equipped with 323 industrial robots per 10000 workers, compared with only 71 in the uk. Followed by industrial robots in the field of application is not balanced. In addition to Germany, most of the industrial robots in European countries focus on the field of automobile manufacturing and electrical equipment manufacturing, which led to the industrial advantages of industrial robots in Europe is not enough.
In order to consolidate the advantages of Europe in the robotics industry, the European Union in 2014 to start the spark plan to invest 2 billion 800 million euros in funding for robotics research and development. The key of this plan is to promote a new generation of information technology (big data, networking, cloud computing, etc.) in the application of industrial robots, industrial robots to enhance learning ability and cooperation ability, while the robot is extended to the field of industrial production more. The selection of robot field as a breakthrough in the industry of the future will have multiple considerations, the first global demand for industrial robots in the coming decades there will be explosive growth, secondly, the industrial robot with the general trend of European aging society labor shortage, also can play the European labor training high level advantage, avoid the disadvantage of high cost. Finally, according to the relevant departments of the EU estimates, the extensive use of industrial robots not only will not cause new unemployment, it will create new jobs, which will help curb European factory relocation trend, strengthen the competitiveness of European industry.
It is worth mentioning that the EU to promote the "spark" plan is taken by the professional associations and government decision-making mode of combining the European robotics association is the main program, can better reflect the needs of the market and the enterprise voice, the EU has played a supervisory role and promote. In addition, the funds invested in public and private joint model, the EU invested 1/4, the rest are invested by the association, which ensures the efficiency of the use of funds.
Chinese become a manufacturing power cannot do without auxiliary industrial robots, in addition to the acquisition of International Robot "KUKA" as the representative of the leading enterprise, our government and industry can learn from the successful experience of foreign industrial policies, cultivate the "China KUKA"?